Zika virus is a flavivirus much like:
- Yellow fever virus
- Dengue virus
- Japanese encephalitis virus
- West Nile virus
- Unlike dengue, Zika symptoms are mild and last for 2-7 days
- Only 2 out of 8 people develop symptoms
- Deaths associated with Zika is very rare or not reported
Laboratory tests on blood or other bodily fluids, such as urine, saliva or semen is the only way to confirm a possible infection.
- Zika requires no specific treatment and there is currently no vaccine for Zika.
- Treatment of symptoms involves:
MOTHERS & ZIKA
- Zika virus infection during pregnancy may lead to microcephaly in infants. Babies with microcephaly have a smaller head than an average baby of the same age. However, more research is needed if we are to better understand the virus and its link to diseases in humans.
- Pregnant women diagnosed with Zika should continue to closely monitor the health of the foetus throughout pregnancy by consulting a healthcare provider.
- There have been no reports of Zika being transmitted through breastfeeding.
- No adverse neurological outcomes have been reported to date in infants with postnatally acquired Zika virus disease.
REDUCE YOUR RISK OF INFECTION
Avoid being bitten by mosquitoes:
An educational contribution by Malaysian Paediatric Association